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The "heart" of Capri is the Piazza Umberto I a small, compact, closed-off square that resembles a courtyard. Surrounding the square are the ''Torre dell'Orologio'', or Clock Tower, which may have been the belltower of the old cathedral, plus the municipal offices (located in the rooms of the former bishop's residence), and a series of stores and caffes; the picturesque left side of the San Stefano church acts as a backdrop. The piazza was probably part of the primitive inhabited are a of Capri (Vth-IVth cents. BC), as shown by a number of sections of wall made from limestone blocks some squared and others formed in the more ancient, pseudo-polygonal-technique.
The blocks ale visible at the ends of the funicular terrace, having been integrated in the construction of the houses and the medieval walls on the northeast side of the town Together With another section of wall on the slopes of the Castiglione hill, and hill others that were destroyed in the Roman age, these blocks formed the mighty fortified perimeter of the Greek acropolis.
Gathered around the piazza is the medieval quarter. Of significant interest for its history and layout, it contains an intricate network of small, winding streets.
The square of the Funicolar: pre-romana walls
This is one of the few remains of the most ancient fortifications in the town of Capri; two phases of construction are evident the oldest consists of a pseudo-polygonal structure, while the more recent made use of square bocks.
Dated by various scholars to 1000 BC, or (by Maiuri) to the Vth and VIth centuries BC respectively, little is actually known about these fortifications, nor have digs or systematic analyses been performed.
In the past, they were made a part of the line of houses on the Via Longano; today they have been almost completely erased by the continuous renovation of the area's housing. They are connected to the belltower and to the town's ancient gate, which is adorned with arches, ogival cross-vaults and fragments from digs while up above stands the plaque dedicated to the American Thomas Spencer Jeremy, a scholar who carried out extensive studies on Tibelrius.
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